India-Info title

home contact search menu
Follow on
Snippets of Information


National Symbols, songs

* 20 April 2022
Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav is an initiative of the Government of India to celebrate and commemorate 75 years of independence and the glorious history of it's people, culture and achievements - a series of events to be organised by the Government of India to commemorate the 75th Anniversary of India’s Independence.
The Mahotsav will be celebrated as a Jan-Utsav in the spirit of Jan-Bhagidari. This Mahotsav is dedicated to the people of India who have not only been instrumental in bringing India thus far in its evolutionary journey but also hold within them the power and potential to enable Prime Minister Narendra Modi's vision of activating India 2.0, fuelled by the spirit of Aatmanirbhar Bharat.
The official journey of Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav commenced on 12th March 2021 which started a 75-week countdown to our 75th anniversary of independence to end post a year on 15th August 2023. Following are the five themes of Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav.
Freedom struggle

* 15 Apr 2022
The Centre’s proposed plan to create a heritage village and boost tourism at Singaperumal Koil and nearby villages, about 40 km south of Chennai, is expected to give a much-needed fillip to the region’s development. The government has sanctioned ₹25 lakh under the Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission based on the State government’s suggestion to promote heritage villages and tourism in the region. The ‘Rurban Mission’ covers Singaperumal Koil and six villages nearby — Appur, Chettipuniyam, Guruvanmedu, Kolathur, Reddipalayam, and Venkatapuram.  The village Chettipuniyam is known for its 400-year old Yoga Hayagreevar temple.

* 15 Apr 2022
 As per Census of India statistics, the rural population in India, stands at 833 million, constituting almost 68% of the total population. Further, the rural population has shown a growth of 12% and an increase in the absolute number of villages by 2279 units during the 2001-2011 period. Large parts of rural areas in the country are not stand-alone settlements but part of a cluster of settlements, which are relatively proximate to each other. These clusters typically illustrate potential for growth, have economic drivers and derive locational and competitive advantages. These clusters once developed can then be classified as 'Rurban'. Hence taking cognizance of this, the Government of India has proposed the Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission (SPMRM), aimed at developing such rural areas by provisioning of economic, social and physical infrastructure facilities.

* 24 Mar 2022
Muthukannammal is the only living Sadir dance exponent in India and serves as a repository of knowledge about the history of the dance form, Bharatanatyam.  Many of those who received the Padma awards on March 21, 2022 from the President of India were "unsung heroes" including 125-year-old yoga practitioner Swami Sivananda. He is the oldest man to be conferred the Padma Shri award ever.

* 1 Jan 2022
Khukuri is a small knife that symbolizes victory. It generally has carved wooden handles with sharp blades. Khukuri is a very important part of Gurkha culture. Gurkhas display their triumph using a khukuri. It is a sign of robustness and power. Khukuri was designed for the warriors who won the battles and saved the pride of Gorkhas.
Source: Khukuri Dance - Gurkha Folk Dance by Navya Agrawal,

* 8 Oct 2021
Sites/locations  in India in the World Heritage list
    Agra Fort
    Ajanta Caves
    Ellora Caves
    Taj Mahal
    Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram
    Sun Temple, Konârak
    Kaziranga National Park
    Keoladeo National Park
    Manas Wildlife Sanctuary
    Churches and Convents of Goa
    Fatehpur Sikri
    Group of Monuments at Hampi
    Khajuraho Group of Monuments
    Elephanta Caves
    Great Living Chola Temples
    Group of Monuments at Pattadakal
    Sundarbans National Park
    Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks
    Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi
    Humayun's Tomb, Delhi
    Qutb Minar and its Monuments, Delhi
    Mountain Railways of India
    Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya
    Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka
    Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park
    Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus)
    Red Fort Complex
    The Jantar Mantar, Jaipur
    Western Ghats
    Hill Forts of Rajasthan
    Great Himalayan National Park Conservation Area
    Rani-ki-Vav (the Queen’s Stepwell) at Patan, Gujarat
    Archaeological Site of Nalanda Mahavihara at Nalanda, Bihar
    Khangchendzonga National Park
    The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement *
    Historic City of Ahmadabad
    Victorian Gothic and Art Deco Ensembles of Mumbai
    Jaipur City, Rajasthan
    Dholavira: a Harappan City
    Kakatiya Rudreshwara (Ramappa) Temple, Telangana

* Jul 2021
Padma awards
Padma awards
Padma Awards, namely, Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan and Padma Shri are given for exceptional and distinguished service in any field including service rendered by Government servants. The recommendations for Padma Awards are received from the State Governments/Union Territory Administrations, Central Ministries/Departments, Institutions of Excellence, etc. which are considered by an Awards Committee. On the basis of the recommendations of the Awards Committee, and after approval of the Home Minister, Prime Minister and President, the Padma Awards are announced on the eve of the Republic Day.
Source: Information & image from

Presidents of India (term of office)
Dr.Rajendra Prasad (Jan. 26, 1950 to May 13, 1962)
Dr.Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan (May 13, 1962 to May 13, 1967)
Dr.Zakir Husain (May 13, 1967 to May 3, 1969)
Varahagiri Venkatagiri (May 3, 1969 to July 20, 1969)(acting)
Justice Mohammed Hidayatullah (July 20, 1969 to August 24, 1969)(acting)
Varahagiri Venkatagiri (August 24, 1969 to August 24, 1974)
Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed (August 24, 1974 to Feb. 11, 1977)
B.D.Jatti (Feb. 12, 1977 to July 25, 1977)(acting)
Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy (July 25, 1977 to July 25, 1982)
Giani Zail Singh (July 25, 1982 to July 25, 1987)
R.Venkataraman (July 25, 1987 to July 25, 1992)
Dr.Shanker Dayal Sharma (July 25, 1992 to July 25, 1997)
K. R. Narayanan (July 25, 1997 - July 25, 2002)
A P J Abdul Kalam (July 25, 2002 - July 25, 2007)
Pratibha Patil (July 25, 2007 to July 25, 2012)
Pranab Mukherjee (July 25, 2012 to July 25, 2017)
Ram Nath Kovind (July 25, 2017 to 25 July 2022)
Draupadi Murmu (25 July 2022)

* Jul 2021
Prime Ministers of India - term of office
Jawaharlal Nehru - Aug. 15, 1947 - May 27, 1964
Gulzari Lal Nanda - May 27, 1964 - June 9, 1964 (Interim) ; January 11 - 24, 1966 (Interim)
Lal Bahadur Shastri - June 9, 1964 - January 11, 1966
Indira Gandhi - Jan. 24, 1966 to March 24, 1977 ; Jan. 14, 1980 to Oct. 31,1984
Morarji Desai - March 24, 1977 to July 28, 1979
Charan Singh - July 28, 1979 - Jan. 14, 1980
Rajiv Gandhi - Oct. 31,1984 to Dec. 1,1989
V. P.Singh - Dec. 2,1989 - Nov. 10, 1990
Chandra Shekhar - Nov. 10,1990 - June 21, 1991
P.V.Narasimha Rao - June 21, 1991 to May 10, 1996
Atal Bihari Vajpayee - May 16 to June 1, 1996
H.D.Deve Gowda - June 1, 1996 to April 21, 1997
I.K.Gujral - April 21, 1997 - Nov. 28. 1997
Atal Bihari Vajpayee - March 19, 1998 - May 22, 2004
Dr. Manmohan Singh - May 22, 2004 - May 22, 2009 ; May 22, 2009 - May 26, 2014
Narendra Modi - May 26, 2014 - May 30, 2019 ; May 30, 2019

* July 2021
The Reserve Bank manages currency in India.The Reserve Bank derives its role in currency management on the basis of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934.

* Jul 2021
Project Elephant (PE)
is a centrally sponsored scheme, launched in February 1992 to provide financial and technical support to major elephant bearing States in India for protection of elephants, their habitats and corridors. It also seeks to address the issues of human-elephant conflict and welfare of domesticated elephants. The Project is being implemented in 13 States / UTs, viz. Andhra pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Orissa, Tamil Nadu, Uttranchal, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal.

* Jul 2021
Project Tiger
was launched in India in1973 with a mandate to conserve tigers in a holistic manner. These are fulfilled by facilitating focused, concerted management of ectopically reserves in various States, constituted on a core-buffer strategy through funding the technical support including site-specific inputs to elicit local community support for conservation. The Project has been successfully implemented and at present there are 28 Tiger Reserves in 17 States, covering an area of 37,761 sq. km. The Tiger Reserves are monitored by a panel of experts using 45 criteria on the format of World Commission of Protected Areas and reviewed by the IUCN..