Snippets of Information
Temples in Karnataka
* 5 Dec 2021
Around 1,500 temples in 958 centres, according to historical records,
were built during the Hoysala period - between A.D. 1000 and A.D.1346.
The main entrance to the Chennakesava temple complex is crowned by an
ornate gopura or tower, built in the Vijayanagara style. Within the
complex, the main temple of Chennakesava lies in the centre, facing
east, flanked on its right by the Kappe Chennigaraya temple, and a small
Lakshmi shrine. Set back on its left is an Andal, or Ammanavara temple.
There are two graceful Garuda sthambhas, or pillars, in the main
courtyard. The sthambha facing the main temple was built in the
Vijayanagara period, and the one to the right of the temple was built by
The ruler who built this temple was Vishnuvardhana, who succeeded to the
Hoysala throne in the first decade of the 12th century and completed
this (temple) in A.D. 1117.
He built three temples in this complex - the Vijayanarayana, the Kesava and the Lakshminarayana.
There are 118 inscriptions in the temple complex, belonging to a period
from A.D. 1117 to the 18th century. They record details of the
construction of the temple, the artists employed, the grants and
endowments given, and the renovations to the temple. In one of the first
inscriptions engraved in this temple, Vishnuvardhana says that he has
"built it from the wealth which he amassed from the sword". He says that
the main temple was built to celebrate his liberation from the
Chalukyas. It was a declaration of his sovereign status. That is why he
called the deity Vijayanarayana, a name later changed to Chennakesava.
Later myths suggest that he built this temple after he was converted to
Sri Vaishnavism by Ramanuja.
Source: Hoysala heritage by S. Settar (historian), frontline.thehindu.com, April 25, 2003
* 16 Nov 2021
The seven mukti stalas of Karnataka (Parasurama Kshetras)
- Udupi Bala Krishna - Gopala temple (seat of Madhvacharya, the founder of the Dvaita school of philosophy)
- Kollur Mookambika temple, in Udupi district (Shree Kshethram set up by Adi Shankaracharya)
- Gokarna Shiva temple in Uttara Kannada district (Atmalinga given by Lord Shiva to Ravana)
- Subrahmanya temple on the Kumara Parvata
- Kumbasi (Kumbhasi) Ganesha temple (Ganesha in standing posture).
- Kodeshwara / Kotilingeshwara temple (worshipped by Brahma)
- Sankaranarayana temple (there are two Lingams)
All of these shrines are also known as Parasurama Kshetrams, created on the land reclaimed from the sea by Parasurama.
* 19 Oct 2021
Amruteshvara Temple, Amruthapura, Chickmagalur district of, Karnataka
Amrita-dandanayaka, who was a general in the army of the Hoysala king
Ballala II, caused the Amrutesvara temple to be constructed in the
Hoysala style .
There is a stone stele engraved with an inscription composed by the
celebrated thirteenth century Kannada poet Janna who was a court poet of
the Hoysala king Ballala II and earned the title of ‘kavichakravarti’.
Yashodhara Charite, Ananthnatha Purana and Anubhava Mukura are among is
A unique feature of the mukha-mandapa is its more than hundred miniature
temple towers carved on its parapet wall. These models are carved in
big and small sizes in alternate fashion. These are supported on
pilasters arranged in star design. Few turrets show curvilinear rising
which indeed is peculiar as such a design is not frequently seen in
There are several large panels on the upper part of the parapet wall
depicting scenes from the Ramayana, Krishna's life and the Mahabharata.
The south side railing displays various scenes from Ramayana such as
Putrakameshti Yajna, Rama proving his strength, Setu Bandhan, False
heads of Rama and Lakshmana shown to Sita, Hanumana lecturing Ravana,
Fall of Ravana, Sita’s reunion with Rama and Lakshmana.
To the right of the north entrance, there are twenty-five panels related
to Krishna stories as depicted in Bhagavata Purana and another
forty-five panels depicting early events of Mahabharata - Krishna-lilas
starting with his birth in Kamsa’s prison, Bakasura Vatsasura
Pralambasura vadhams, Kaliya nartanam, Govardhana Giri, end of Kamsa in
the hands of Krishna.
Scenes from the Mahabharata such as Kunti with her five sons, seeking
help from Bhishma, Lakshagrha on fire, Draupadi Svayamvara, Khandava
Forest on fire, Shishupal Episode, Arjuna being granted Pashupata in the
hands of Shiva.
The tower of the temple is a seven story structure consisting of seven
rows of indented square-shaped kirtimukhas. In each of these kirtimukhas
are placed a form of Rudra. The top stone kalasa is no more there, it
has been replaced with a metal kalasa. The tower projects over to
sukanasi above which a Hoysala emblem is placed. This emblem depicts the
fighting scene between Sala and a tiger.
To the south of the main temple, at right angle, is a Sarasvati Temple.
Source - Text and images in pinterest collection: Amruthapura - The Amruteshvara Temple by Saurabh Saxena, puratattva.in, December 7, 2015