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Personalities - Important dates

* 10 Apr 2024
Ambedkar Jayanti or Bhim Jayanti is observed on 14 April to commemorate the memory of B.R.Ambedkar, Indian politician and social reformer who was born on 14 April 1891.

* 22 Dec 2023
Every year, National Farmer's Day is celebrated on December 23.
National Farmer's Day is celebrated on the birth anniversary of Chaudhary Charan Singh, the former Prime Minister of the country. Chaudhary Charan Singh served the nation from 1979 to 1980. Within his short tenure, he developed several welfare programmes directed at improving the conditions of the farmers and empowering them. In 2001, the Government of India announced December 23 to be celebrated as National Farmer's Day to honour Chaudhary Charan Singh's contributions and his transformation from a farmer to the head of the state.
Source: National Farmer's Day 2023: Date, history, significance by Tapatrisha Das,, 22 Dec 2023

* 22 Jan 2022
Netaji Jayanti, also known as "Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Jayanti" or officially "Parakram Divas" or "Parakram Diwas" (Day of Valour), is a national event celebrated in India to mark the birthday of a prominent Indian freedom fighter Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose. It is celebrated annually on 23 January. He played a pivotal role in Indian independence movement. He was the head of Japanese-supported Indian National Army (Azad Hind Fouj). He was the founder-head of the Azad Hind Government.
About 5 months after the disappearance of Netaji, the Netaji Jayanti was celebrated in Rangoon. It is traditionally observed all over India. It is an official holiday in West Bengal, Jharkhand, Tripura and Assam. The Government of India pays tribute to Netaji on this day. Netaji Jayanti was observed as Parakram Divas for the first time in 2021 on his 125th birth anniversary.
Source: wikipedia
Netaji considered Swami Vivekanand his spiritual guru. He formed the Azad Hind Fauj, a military regiment, to counter Britishers. Bose also formed a woman battalion named Rani Jhansi regiment. Bose was the one who first referred to Mahatma Gandhi the position as the father of the nation.

* 15 Jan 2022
Thiruvalluvar, Tamils, poet and philosopher who gifted the world his phenomenal work Thirukkuṛaḷ, a collection of couplets on politics, ethics, economy, and love (Aram,Porul, Kamam). Thiruvalluvar Day is observed in order to hnour him either on January 15 or 16 as a part of Pongal celebrations. Previously in the 1930s, Thiruvalluvar Day was celebrated either on May 17 or May 18 but in recent years, it is observed in January. And this year, it is celebrated on January 15.

* 24 Dec 2021
28th February is celebrated as National Science Day in India. On this day in 1928, celebrated Indian Scientist Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman (CV Raman) discovered a phenomenon of scattering of photons which came to be known as 'Raman Effect’ after his name. After two years in 1930, he got Nobel Prize for this remarkable discovery and this was the first Nobel Prize for India in the field of Science. In 1986, the National Council for Science and Technology Communication (NCSTC) asked the Government of India to designate 28 February as National Science Day which the then Govt. of India accepted. The first National Science Day was celebrated on February 28, 1987.
He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society early in his career (1924), and was knighted in 1929. However, he resigned from the fellowship in 1968 for unrecorded reasons, the only Indian FRS ever to do so.
Source (text and image): ;

* 23 Dec 2021
India celebrates Martyrs’ Day or Shaheed Diwas every year on January 30. On January 30, 1948, during his evening prayers in the Birla House, Mahatma Gandhi, was shot dead by Nathuram Godse. Hence, on January 30, Martyr’s Day is celebrated by the country to commemorate the death anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. On this day, the president, the vice president, the prime minister, the defence minister and the three Service Chiefs (Army, Air Force and Navy) lay wreaths made of multi-colour flowers at his Samadhi at Raj Ghat in Delhi. At 11 am, a two-minute silence in memory of Indian martyrs is observed throughout the country.

* 22 Dec 2021
Republic Day honours the date on which the Constitution of India came into effect on 26 January 1950. The date of 26 January was chosen as the Republic day because it was on this day in 1930 when Declaration of Indian Independence (Purna Swaraj) was proclaimed by the Indian National Congress as opposed to the Dominion status offered by British Regime.
The Constitution was adopted by the Indian Constituent Assembly on 26 November 1949 and came into effect on 26 January 1950 with a democratic government system, completing the country's transition towards becoming an independent republic.

* 21 Dec 2021
Army Day is celebrated on January 15 every year in India as it is on this historic day that General KM Cariappa became the first Indian to take charge of the Indian Army in 1949. He took over from General Sir Francis Robert Roy Bucher who was the last English commander of our nation's army.

* 20 Dec 21
National Youth Day is celebrated on 12 January, which is the birthday of Swami Vivekananda (Vivekananda Jayanti). In 1984, Vivekananda Jayanti was declared by the Government of India as National Youth Day.

* 19 Dec 2021
Goa Liberation Day is celebrated on December 19 every year to mark the success of 'Operation Vijay' undertaken by the Indian Armed Forces that liberated Goa from Portuguese rule.
Goa was taken over by the Portuguese from the Maratha rule in 1641.
The government of India under Jawaharlal Nehru in 1961 adopted a plan called Operation Vijay to free the Portuguese colonies in India. General JN Chaudhari was in charge of carrying out this plan. By 11 December, 1961, Indian forces were placed at Belgaum, Vapi and Una for attacks on Goa, Daman and Diu, respectively.
Operations against Goa were directed by Major General KP Candeth. On 12 December, 1961, the two mainland routes connecting Goa and India were sealed for the civilian population. 18 December, 1961, was the day determined for the attack.
All the three sections of the Indian armed forces participated in Operation Vijay. The Indian attack overpowered the Portuguese 3,000 member army with a force of almost 30,000.
After numerous operations all over Goa, on 19 December, the Indian forces, which had successfully reached Betim the previous day, arrived at Panjim and hoisted the Indian flag. The Indian national flag was hoisted by Major General KP Candeth.  Major General Candeth was then appointed the military Governor of Goa.

* 27 Nov 2021
National Milk Day is observed on November 26 in memory of the father of the white revolution in India, Dr. Verghese Kurien on his birth date.  He was a social entrepreneur who led Operation Flood, which became the largest agricultural dairy development programme. Kurien also played an important role in the formation of Amul. From 1973 to 2006, he served the Gujarat Cooperative Milk Marketing Federation (GCMMF).

* 24 Nov 2021
Kempegowda Jayanthi
The birth anniversary of Nadaprabhu Kempegowda, the founder and designer of the Bengaluru city is celebrated on June 27, every year. From 2022 Bengaluru Habba will be held on June 26, 27 and 28.

* 1 Nov 2021
Karnataka Rajyotsava or Kannada Day is celebrated every year on November 1st commemorating the birth of the State of Karnataka amalgamating all the Kannada speaking regions in South India, including parts of Princely State of Mysore, Kannada speaking regions of Madras and Bombay Provinces and parts of Hyderabad estate.
The idea of a state for Kannada speaking people was first thought of by Aluru Venkata Rao (Karnataka Kulapurohita), the revolutionary Kannada Laureate as early as 1905. On November 1, 1956, the State of Mysore was born, and the name was later changed to Karnataka in 1973.

The Red and Yellow State Flag of Karnataka is unfurled and the State Anthem "Jaya Bharatha Jananiya Tanujate" is sung at government and other institutions.  There are cultural programs, processions. Contributors to the State are distinguished with the Rajyotsava Awards on this day.

* 2 Oct 2021
Gandhiji was born in Porbandar, Gujarat to Karamchand Gandhi (alias Kaba Gandhi) & Putlibai on 2nd October in the year 1869. His birth anniversary is celebrated as "Gandhi Jayanthi".

* 5 Sep 2021
Teacher's day - 5th September
In India, since 1962, Sep 5th is celebrated as Teacher's day.  When  Dr.Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan (5 Sep 1888 - 17 Apr 1975) became the second President of India, his students expressed the wish to celebrate his birthday as a special day.  He requested them to honour teachers and celebrate the day as Teacher's Day.
World Teachers' Day is officially celebrated across the world on October 5.
After completing his education at Madras Christian College in 1909, Dr.Radhakrishnan became Assistant Professor and later Professor of Philosophy at Madras Presidency College then subsequently Professor of Philosophy at the University of Mysore (1918-1921); the King George V Chair of Mental and Moral Science at the University of Calcutta (1921-1932) and Spalding Professor of Eastern Religion and Ethics at University of Oxford (1936-1952) by which he became the first Indian to hold a professorial chair at the University of Oxford. He also served as a Lecturer at Manchester College, Oxford in 1926, 1929, and 1930. In 1930 he was appointed Haskell lecturer in Comparative Religion at the University of Chicago.

* Jul 2021
Children's Day - 14th November
Every year, the birthday of India's first Prime Minister, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru is celebrated as Children's Day.