Snippets of information
Personalities - Important dates
* 22 Jan 2022
Netaji Jayanti, also known as "Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Jayanti" or officially "Parakram Divas" or "Parakram Diwas"
(Day of Valour), is a national event celebrated in India to mark the
birthday of a prominent Indian freedom fighter Netaji Subhas Chandra
Bose. It is celebrated annually on 23 January. He played a
pivotal role in Indian independence movement. He was the head of
Japanese-supported Indian National Army (Azad Hind Fouj). He was the
founder-head of the Azad Hind Government.
About 5 months after the disappearance of Netaji, the Netaji Jayanti was
celebrated in Rangoon. It is traditionally observed all over India. It
is an official holiday in West Bengal, Jharkhand, Tripura and Assam. The
Government of India pays tribute to Netaji on this day. Netaji Jayanti
was observed as Parakram Divas for the first time in 2021 on his 125th
Netaji considered Swami Vivekanand his spiritual guru. He formed the
Azad Hind Fauj, a military regiment, to counter Britishers. Bose also
formed a woman battalion named Rani Jhansi regiment. Bose was the one
who first referred to Mahatma Gandhi the position as the father of the
* 15 Jan 2022
Thiruvalluvar, Tamils, poet and philosopher who gifted the world his
phenomenal work Thirukkuṛaḷ, a collection of couplets on politics,
ethics, economy, and love (Aram,Porul, Kamam). Thiruvalluvar Day
is observed in order to hnour him either on January 15 or 16 as a part
of Pongal celebrations. Previously in the 1930s, Thiruvalluvar Day was
celebrated either on May 17 or May 18 but in recent years, it is
observed in January. And this year, it is celebrated on January 15.
* 24 Dec 2021
28th February is celebrated as National Science Day in India. On
this day in 1928, celebrated Indian Scientist Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata
Raman (CV Raman) discovered a phenomenon of scattering of photons which
came to be known as 'Raman Effect’ after his name. After two years in
1930, he got Nobel Prize for this remarkable discovery and this was the
first Nobel Prize for India in the field of Science. In 1986, the
National Council for Science and Technology Communication (NCSTC) asked
the Government of India to designate 28 February as National Science Day
which the then Govt. of India accepted. The first National Science Day
was celebrated on February 28, 1987.
He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society early in his career (1924),
and was knighted in 1929. However, he resigned from the fellowship in
1968 for unrecorded reasons, the only Indian FRS ever to do so.
Source (text and image): ncsm.gov.in ; wikipedia.org
* 23 Dec 2021
India celebrates Martyrs’ Day or Shaheed Diwas every year on
January 30. On January 30, 1948, during his evening prayers in the Birla
House, Mahatma Gandhi, was shot dead by Nathuram Godse. Hence, on
January 30, Martyr’s Day is celebrated by the country to commemorate the
death anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. On this day, the president, the
vice president, the prime minister, the defence minister and the three
Service Chiefs (Army, Air Force and Navy) lay wreaths made of
multi-colour flowers at his Samadhi at Raj Ghat in Delhi. At 11 am, a
two-minute silence in memory of Indian martyrs is observed throughout
* 22 Dec 2021
Republic Day honours the date on which the Constitution of India
came into effect on 26 January 1950. The date of 26 January was chosen
as the Republic day because it was on this day in 1930 when Declaration
of Indian Independence (Purna Swaraj) was proclaimed by the Indian
National Congress as opposed to the Dominion status offered by British
The Constitution was adopted by the Indian Constituent Assembly on 26
November 1949 and came into effect on 26 January 1950 with a democratic
government system, completing the country's transition towards becoming
an independent republic.
* 21 Dec 2021
Army Day is celebrated on January 15 every year in India as it is
on this historic day that General KM Cariappa became the first Indian
to take charge of the Indian Army in 1949. He took over from General Sir
Francis Robert Roy Bucher who was the last English commander of our
* 20 Dec 21
National Youth Day is celebrated on 12 January, which is the
birthday of Swami Vivekananda (Vivekananda Jayanti). In 1984,
Vivekananda Jayanti was declared by the Government of India as National
* 19 Dec 2021
Goa Liberation Day is celebrated on December 19 every year
to mark the success of 'Operation Vijay' undertaken by the Indian Armed
Forces that liberated Goa from Portuguese rule.
Goa was taken over by the Portuguese from the Maratha rule in 1641.
The government of India under Jawaharlal Nehru in 1961 adopted a plan
called Operation Vijay to free the Portuguese colonies in India. General
JN Chaudhari was in charge of carrying out this plan. By 11 December,
1961, Indian forces were placed at Belgaum, Vapi and Una for attacks on
Goa, Daman and Diu, respectively.
Operations against Goa were directed by Major General KP Candeth. On 12
December, 1961, the two mainland routes connecting Goa and India were
sealed for the civilian population. 18 December, 1961, was the day
determined for the attack.
All the three sections of the Indian armed forces participated in
Operation Vijay. The Indian attack overpowered the Portuguese 3,000
member army with a force of almost 30,000.
After numerous operations all over Goa, on 19 December, the Indian
forces, which had successfully reached Betim the previous day, arrived
at Panjim and hoisted the Indian flag. The Indian national flag was
hoisted by Major General KP Candeth. Major General Candeth was
then appointed the military Governor of Goa.
* 27 Nov 2021
National Milk Day is observed on November 26 in memory of the father of the white revolution in India, Dr. Verghese Kurien
on his birth date. He was a social entrepreneur who led Operation
Flood, which became the largest agricultural dairy development
programme. Kurien also played an important role in the formation of
Amul. From 1973 to 2006, he served the Gujarat Cooperative Milk
Marketing Federation (GCMMF).
* 24 Nov 2021
The birth anniversary of Nadaprabhu Kempegowda, the founder and designer
of the Bengaluru city is celebrated on June 27, every year. From
2022 Bengaluru Habba will be held on June 26, 27 and 28.
* 1 Nov 2021
Karnataka Rajyotsava or Kannada Day is celebrated every
year on November 1st commemorating the birth of the State of Karnataka
amalgamating all the Kannada speaking regions in South India, including
parts of Princely State of Mysore, Kannada speaking regions of Madras
and Bombay Provinces and parts of Hyderabad estate.
The idea of a state for Kannada speaking people was first thought of by
Aluru Venkata Rao (Karnataka Kulapurohita), the revolutionary Kannada
Laureate as early as 1905. On November 1, 1956, the State of Mysore was
born, and the name was later changed to Karnataka in 1973.
The Red and Yellow State Flag of Karnataka is unfurled and the State
Anthem "Jaya Bharatha Jananiya Tanujate" is sung at government and other
institutions. There are cultural programs, processions.
Contributors to the State are distinguished with the Rajyotsava Awards
on this day.
* 2 Oct 2021
Gandhiji was born in Porbandar, Gujarat to Karamchand Gandhi (alias Kaba Gandhi) & Putlibai on 2nd October in the year 1869. His birth anniversary is celebrated as "Gandhi Jayanthi".
* 5 Sep 2021
Teacher's day - 5th September
In India, since 1962, Sep 5th is celebrated as Teacher's day.
When Dr.Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan (5 Sep 1888 - 17 Apr 1975) became
the second President of India, his students expressed the wish to
celebrate his birthday as a special day. He requested them to
honour teachers and celebrate the day as Teacher's Day.
|After completing his
education at Madras Christian College in 1909, Dr.Radhakrishnan became
Professor and later Professor of Philosophy at Madras Presidency College
then subsequently Professor of Philosophy at the University of
Mysore (1918-1921); the King George V Chair of Mental and Moral Science
at the University of Calcutta (1921-1932) and Spalding Professor of
Eastern Religion and Ethics at University of Oxford (1936-1952) by which
he became the first Indian to hold a professorial chair at the
University of Oxford. He also served as a Lecturer at Manchester
College, Oxford in 1926, 1929, and 1930. In 1930 he was appointed
Haskell lecturer in Comparative Religion at the University of Chicago.
* Jul 2021
Day - 14th November
the birthday of India's first Prime Minister, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru is
celebrated as Children's Day.