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Architecture / Sculptures / Statues

Forts

wikipedia.org


* 10 Apr 2022
Hill Forts of Rajasthan
The serial site, situated in the state of Rajastahan, includes six majestic forts in Chittorgarh; Kumbhalgarh; Sawai Madhopur; Jhalawar; Jaipur, and Jaisalmer designated UNESCO World Heritage Site. The six extensive and majestic hill forts together reflect the elaborate, fortified seats of power of Rajput princely states that flourished between the 8th and 18th centuries and their relative political independence.
Within the defensive walls of the forts, the architecture of palaces and other buildings reflects their role as centres of courtly culture, and places of patronage for learning arts and music. As well as housing for the court and military guard, most had extensive urban settlements within their walls, some of which have persisted to the present day. Collectively the forts contain extensive water harvesting structures, many of which are still in use.
Source: whc.unesco.org


* 4 May 2022
Jaisalmer Fort
Jaisalmer Fort also known as Sonar Quila (Sone Ka Quila) or the Golden Fort was built in 1156 AD by the Rajput ruler Rawal Jaisal on the Trikuta Hill and has survived several attacks by the Muslim rulers like Ala-Uddin-Khilji and Mughal Emperor Humayun.
It is 1,500 ft (460 m) long and 750 ft (230 m) wide and the basement of the fort has a 15 ft (4.6 m) tall wall forming a double line of defense in Islamic and Rajput architectural style. The bastions of the fort form a chain about 30 ft (9.1 m). There are  four entrances - Ganesh Pol, Rang Pol, Bhoota Pol and Hava Pol.
Attractions - Maharawals located in front of the Chauhata Square with the Maharawal’s marble throne which is placed over a flight of marble steps, a five-storied Tazia tower constructed by Muslim craftsmen with decorative Bengali styled roofs, Jawahar Palace, Raj Mahal, The Jain and the Laxmikanth Temples, several Havelis with decorated windows, archways, doors, and balconies.
It is a  UNESCO World Heritage Site under the group Hill Forts of Rajasthan.
Source: rajasthandirect.com


* 4 May 2022
Amber Fort
Amber Fort also popularly known as the Amer Palace, overlooking the overlooks Maota Lake is located in Amer town, 11 km from Jaipur fort. It is an old fort, built in 1592 by Raja Man Singh. A perfect example of Rajasthani architecture, it has influences of both Hindu and Muslim architecture.
It is an extensive palace complex built with pale yellow and pink sandstone, and with white marble. The fort is divided into four main sections that are graced with their own courtyards. There are two entrances Suraj Pol and Chand Pol. Both these gates open into the Jaleb Chowk, which is the main courtyard, where in earlier times, returning armies used to display their plunder to the people. The fort has a number of sections, including the King’s quarters, the zenana (women's quarters), gardens, temples, Diwan-e-aam, Sukh Mahal, and the Sheesh Mahal. Amer Fort is also home to some underground tunnels that connect Amer to Jaigarh Fort. A part of these tunnels have been restored, and is now open to public as well. This fort also has the 'Shila Devi' temple and the 'Ganesh Pol' which is a gate that leads to the private palaces of the kings.
It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Source: tourism.rajasthan.gov.in ; jaipur.org.uk


* 15 Apr 2022
Chitradurga Fort
Chitradurga Fort is locally known as Elusuttina Kote (meaning the fort of seven circles) is located 200 kms from Bengaluru and is one of the country’s strongest hill forts. The fort is originally said to have had 19 gateways, 38 postern-gates, 35 secret entrances and 4 ‘invisible’ entrances. Many of these have gone out of existence now. The doors were made of strong and thick wooden beams fastened with iron plates. The soaring ramparts were designed so that each line of fortification overlooks others below. Zigzagging pathways slowed down enemy soldiers and prevented the use of battering rams. The doors of the main gateways were, in addition, bristling with iron spikes to ward off elephants.
Chitradurga fort is famed for its sophisticated water harvesting system. Interconnected reservoirs collected and stored rainwater, which overflew from each tank flowing into other tanks below it. Such an effective system ensured that the fort never ran out of water. After filling all these tanks, the water used to flow to the moats round the fort-walls.

Temples in Chitradurga Fort: The fort has numerous temples like the Sampige Siddheshwara, Hidimbeshwara, Ekanathamma, Phalguneshvara, Gopalakrishna, Anjaneya, Subbaraya and Basava. A big piece of bone has been kept in the Hidimbeshwara Temple and is shown as the tooth of the demon Hidambasura, and a cylinder of iron plates, six feet high and ten feet in circumference, as the bheri or kettle-drum of Bhima. A figure of Hidambasura is sculptured on the Vimana. In the Siddheshwara Temple also is kept a piece of bone much larger than that kept in the Hidimbeshvara temple, which also is believed to be as the tooth of Hidambasura.

Onake Obavva Kindi: A must-see in this fort is the Onake Obavvana Kindi, named after a brave woman Obavva. It is connected with the famous attack of Haidar Ali on Chitradurga. Haidar’s forces were unable to enter into the fort, in spite of a long siege. They soon found a small crevice through which they could get into the fort. It was a very narrow crevice, hardly admitting a human being in a kneeling position. Obavva hid there and saw the enemy trying to get inside. Displaying remarkable courage, she grabbed onake (a pestle) and killed each soldier getting inside.
Source: karnatakatourism.org